177. Pardon and remission. When any person subject to this Act has been convicted by a court- martial of any offence, the Central Government, 1[ the Chief of the Air Staff], an air or other officer commanding a group of, or the prescribed officer, may-
either with or without conditions which the person sentenced accepts, pardon the person or remit the whole or any part of the punishment awarded; or
mitigate the punishment awarded; or
commute such punishment for any less punishment or punishments mentioned in this Act: Provided that a sentence of transportation shall not be commuted for a sentence of imprisonment for a term exceeding the term of transportation awarded by the
court; and a sentence of imprisonment shall not be com- muted for a sentence of detention for a term exceeding the term of imprisonment so awarded;
either with or without conditions which the person sentenced accepts, release the person on parole.