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Miyabhai Pirbhai And Ors. vs The State on 11 April, 1962
Kanubhai Prabhudas And Anr. vs The State Of Gujarat on 19 October, 1962
Janardan vs State Of Maharashtra on 4 April, 1978
Devi Rup And Ors. vs The State on 19 February, 1966
State Of Gujarat vs Laljibhai Chaturbhai on 5 October, 1965

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Central Government Act
The Public Gambling Act, 1867
PUBLIC GAMBLING ACT,1867

1. Interpretation clause.—In this Act— tc "1. Interpretation clause.—In this Act—" 1 [***] tc "6[***]" "Common gaming-house” means any house, walled enclosure, room or place in which cards, dice, tables or other instruments of gaming are kept or used for the profit or gain of the person owning, occupying, using or keeping such house, enclosure, room or place, whether by way of charge for the use of the instruments of gaming, or of the house, enclosure, room or place or otherwise howsoever. tc "\"Common gaming-house” means any house, walled enclosure, room or place in which cards, dice, tables or other instruments of gaming are kept or used for the profit or gain of the person owning, occupying, using or keeping such house, enclosure, room or place, whether by way of charge for the use of the instruments of gaming, or of the house, enclosure, room or place or otherwise howsoever." 2 [***] tc "7[***]" STATE AMENDMENTS tc "STATE AMENDMENTS" Assam: Assam Game and Betting Act, 1970 (18 of 1970) extends this Act to the whole of Assam, excluding the autonomous State of Meghalaya but including the City of Shillong. section 2 gives definition of “bet”, “acceptance of bet”, “Betting House”, “instruments of betting”, “records of betting”, “District Magistrate”, “District Superintendent of Police”, ‘person’ ‘valuable security’, ‘the Act’ and ‘invitation for betting’ for the purpose of this Act in its application to Assam. [Vide Assam Act 18 of 1970, sec. 2.] Himachal Pradesh: In section 1, the following definitions shall be deemed to be substituted:— “Gaming” includes wagering or betting on any figures or numbers or dates to be subsequently ascertained or disclosed, or on the occurrence or non-occurrence of any natural event, or in any other manner whatsoever except wagering or betting upon a horse race, when such wagering or betting upon a horse race takes place:—
2. Power to extend Act.— 3 [Sections 13 and 17] of this Act shall extend to the whole of the 4 [said States] and it shall be competent to the 5 [State Government], whenever it may think fit, to extend, by a notification to be published in three successive numbers of the official Gazette, all or any of the remaining sections of this Act to any city, town, suburb, railway, station-house and place being not more than three miles distant from any part of such station-house within the 6 [States], and in such notification to define, for the purposes of this Act, the limits of such city, town, suburb or station-house, and from time to time, to alter the limits so defined. From the date of any such extension, so much of any rule having the force of law which shall be in operation in the territories to which such extension shall have been made, as shall be inconsistent with or repugnant to any section so extended, shall cease to have effect in such territories. State Amendments Himachal Pradesh.—For the first paragraph of section 2, the following paragraph shall be deemed to be substituted, namely:— “Sections 13 and 17 of this Act shall extend to the whole of the State of Himachal Pradesh, and it shall be competent to the State Government, whenever it may think fit, to extend by a notification to be published in the Official Gazette, all or any of the remaining sections, of this Act to any area within the territory of Himachal Pradesh.”
4. Penalty for being found in gaming-house.—Whoever is found in any such house, walled enclosure, room or place, playing or gaming with cards, dice, counters, money or other instruments of gaming or is found there present for the purpose of gaming, whether playing for any money, wager, stake or otherwise, shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred rupees, or to imprisonment of either description, as defined in the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860), for any term not exceeding one month; and any person found in any common gaming-house during any gaming or playing therein shall be presumed, until the contrary be proved, to have been there for the purposes of gaming. STATE AMENDMENTS Himachal Pradesh.—In section 4— Same as that of under section 3. [Himachal Pradesh Act 30 of 1976, Sec. 4]. Madhya Pradesh.—In section 4,—
5. Powers to enter and authorise police to enter and search.—If the Magistrate of a district or other officer invested with the full powers of a Magistrate, or the District Superintendent of police, upon credible information, and after such enquiry as he may think necessary, has reason to believe at any house, walled enclosure, room or place, is used as a common gaming-house; tc "5. Powers to enter and authorise police to enter and search.—If the Magistrate of a district or other officer invested with the full powers of a Magistrate, or the District Superintendent of police, upon credible information, and after such enquiry as he may think necessary, has reason to believe at any house, walled enclosure, room or place, is used as a common gaming-house;" he may either himself enter, or by his warrant authorise any officer of police, not below such rank as the 9 [State Government] shall appoint in this behalf to enter, with such assistance as may be found necessary, by night or by day, and by force, if necessary, any such house, walled enclosure, room or place; tc "he may either himself enter, or by his warrant authorise any officer of police, not below such rank as the 1[State Government] shall appoint in this behalf to enter, with such assistance as may be found necessary, by night or by day, and by force, if necessary, any such house, walled enclosure, room or place;" and may either himself take into custody, or authorise such officer to take into custody, all persons whom he or such officer finds therein, whether or not then actually gaming; tc "and may either himself take into custody, or authorise such officer to take into custody, all persons whom he or such officer finds therein, whether or not then actually gaming;" and may seize or authorise such officer to seize all instruments of gaming and all moneys and securities for money, and articles of value, reasonably suspected to have been used or intended to be used for the purpose of gaming, which are found therein; tc "and may seize or authorise such officer to seize all instruments of gaming and all moneys and securities for money, and articles of value, reasonably suspected to have been used or intended to be used for the purpose of gaming, which are found therein;" and may search or authorise such officer to search all parts of the house, walled enclosure, room or place, which he or such officer shall have so entered when he or such officer has reason to believe that any instruments of gaming are concealed therein, and also the persons of those whom he or such officer so takes into custody; tc "and may search or authorise such officer to search all parts of the house, walled enclosure, room or place, which he or such officer shall have so entered when he or such officer has reason to believe that any instruments of gaming are concealed therein, and also the persons of those whom he or such officer so takes into custody;" and may seize or authorise such officer to seize and take possession of all instruments of gaming found upon such search. tc "and may seize or authorise such officer to seize and take possession of all instruments of gaming found upon such search." STATE AMENDMENTS tc "STATE AMENDMENTS" Himachal Pradesh: In section 5, same as that of under section 3— [Himachal Pradesh Act, 30 of 1976, sec. 4]. Madhya Pradesh: In section 5,—
6. Finding cards, etc., in suspected houses, to be evidence that such houses are common gaming-houses.—When any cards, dice, gaming-tables, cloths, boards or other instruments of gaming are found in any house, walled enclosure, room or place entered or searched under the provisions of the last preceding section, or about the person of any of those who are found therein, it shall be evidence, until the contrary is made to appear, that such house, walled enclosure, room or place, is used as a common gaming-house, and that the persons found therein were there present for the purpose of gaming, although no play was actually seen by the Magistrate or police officer, or any of his assistants. STATE AMENDMENTS Himachal Pradesh.—In section 6, same as that of under section 3. [Himachal Pradesh Act 30 of 1976, sec. 4]. Madhya Pradesh.—In section 6, for the words “house, walled enclosure, room or place” wherever they occur, the words “house, room, tent, enclosure, space, vehicle, vessel or place” shall be substituted.
7. Penalty on persons arrested for giving false names and addresses.—If any person found in any common gaming-house entered by any Magistrate or officer of police under the provisions of this Act, upon being arrested, by any such officer or upon being brought before any Magistrate, on being required by such officer or Magistrate to give his name and address, shall refuse or neglect to give the same, or shall give any false name and address, he may, upon conviction before the same or any other Magistrate, be adjudged to pay any penalty not exceeding five hundred rupees, together with such costs as to such Magistrate shall appear reasonable, and on the non-payment of such penalty and costs, or in the first instance, if to such Magistrate it shall seem fit, may be imprisoned for any period not exceeding one month. tc "7. Penalty on persons arrested for giving false names and addresses.—If any person found in any common gaming-house entered by any Magistrate or officer of police under the provisions of this Act, upon being arrested, by any such officer or upon being brought before any Magistrate, on being required by such officer or Magistrate to give his name and address, shall refuse or neglect to give the same, or shall give any false name and address, he may, upon conviction before the same or any other Magistrate, be adjudged to pay any penalty not exceeding five hundred rupees, together with such costs as to such Magistrate shall appear reasonable, and on the non-payment of such penalty and costs, or in the first instance, if to such Magistrate it shall seem fit, may be imprisoned for any period not exceeding one month." STATE AMENDMENTS
8. On conviction for keeping a gaming-house, instruments of gaming to be destroyed.—On conviction of any person for keeping or using any such common gaming-house, or being present therein for the purpose of gaming, the convicting Magistrate may order all the instruments of gaming found therein to be destroyed, and may also order all or any of the securities for money and other articles seized, not being instruments of gaming, to be sold and converted into money, and the proceeds thereof with all moneys seized therein to be forfeited or, in his discretion, may order any part thereof to be returned to the persons appearing to have severally thereunto entitled. tc "8. On conviction for keeping a gaming-house, instruments of gaming to be destroyed.—On conviction of any person for keeping or using any such common gaming-house, or being present therein for the purpose of gaming, the convicting Magistrate may order all the instruments of gaming found therein to be destroyed, and may also order all or any of the securities for money and other articles seized, not being instruments of gaming, to be sold and converted into money, and the proceeds thereof with all moneys seized therein to be forfeited or, in his discretion, may order any part thereof to be returned to the persons appearing to have severally thereunto entitled." STATE AMENDEMENT Uttar Pradesh.—In section 8,—
9. Proof of playing for stakes unnecessary.—It shall not be necessary, in order to convict any person of keeping a common gaming-house, or of being concerned in the management of any common gaming-house, to prove that any person found playing at any game was playing for any money, wager or stake. tc "9. Proof of playing for stakes unnecessary.—It shall not be necessary, in order to convict any person of keeping a common gaming-house, or of being concerned in the management of any common gaming-house, to prove that any person found playing at any game was playing for any money, wager or stake."
10. Magistrate may require any person apprehended to be sworn and give evidence.—It shall be lawful for the Magistrate before whom any persons shall be brought, who have been found in any house, walled enclosure, room or place entered under the provisions of this Act, to require any such persons to be examined on oath or solemn affirmation, and give evidence touching any unlawful gaming in such house, walled enclosure, room or place, or touching any act done for the purpose of preventing, obstructing or delaying the entry into such house, walled enclosure, room or place or any part thereof, of any Magistrate or officer authorised as aforesaid. No person so required to be examined as a witness shall be excused from being so examined when brought before such Magistrate as aforesaid or from being so examined at any subsequent time or by or before the same or any other Magistrate, or by or before any Court on any proceeding or trial in any ways relating to such unlawful gaming or any such acts as aforesaid, or from answering any question put to him touching the matters aforesaid, on the ground that his evidence will tend to criminate himself. tc "No person so required to be examined as a witness shall be excused from being so examined when brought before such Magistrate as aforesaid or from being so examined at any subsequent time or by or before the same or any other Magistrate, or by or before any Court on any proceeding or trial in any ways relating to such unlawful gaming or any such acts as aforesaid, or from answering any question put to him touching the matters aforesaid, on the ground that his evidence will tend to criminate himself." Any such person so required to be examined as a witness, who refuses to make oath or take affirmation accordingly or to answer any such question as aforesaid, shall be subject to be dealt with in all respects as any person committing the offence described in section 178 or section 179 (as the case may be) of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860). tc "Any such person so required to be examined as a witness, who refuses to make oath or take affirmation accordingly or to answer any such question as aforesaid, shall be subject to be dealt with in all respects as any person committing the offence described in section 178 or section 179 (as the case may be) of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860)." STATE AMENDMENTS Himachal Pradesh.—In section 10,— Same as that of under section 3.
11. Witnesses indemnified.—Any person who shall have been concerned in gaming contrary to this Act, and who shall be examined as witness before a Magistrate on the trial of any person for a breach of any of the provisions of this Act relating to gaming, and who, upon such examination, shall, in the opinion of the Magistrate, make true and faithful discovery, to the best of his knowledge, of all things as to which he shall be so examined, shall thereupon receive from the said Magistrate a certificate in writing to that effect and shall be freed from all prosecutions under this Act for anything done before that time in respect of such gaming. tc "11. Witnesses indemnified.—Any person who shall have been concerned in gaming contrary to this Act, and who shall be examined as witness before a Magistrate on the trial of any person for a breach of any of the provisions of this Act relating to gaming, and who, upon such examination, shall, in the opinion of the Magistrate, make true and faithful discovery, to the best of his knowledge, of all things as to which he shall be so examined, shall thereupon receive from the said Magistrate a certificate in writing to that effect and shall be freed from all prosecutions under this Act for anything done before that time in respect of such gaming."
12. Act not to apply to certain games.—Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this Act contained shall be held to apply to any game of mere skill wherever played. tc "12. Act not to apply to certain games.—Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this Act contained shall be held to apply to any game of mere skill wherever played." STATE AMENDMENTS Himachal Pradesh.—Section 12, shall be deemed to be repealed. [Himachal Pradesh Act 30 of 1976, sec. 6]. Punjab: Haryana: Chandigarh.—In its application to the State of Punjab, section 12 is repealed by Punjab Act 1 of 1929, sec. 5; 13 of 1958, sec. 8; 31 of 1966, sec. 88. Uttar Pradesh.—Section 12 is repealed.
13. Gaming and setting birds and animals to fight in public streets.—A police officer may apprehend without warrant— any person found playing for money or other valuable thing, with cards, dice, counters or other instruments of gaming, used in playing any game not being a game of mere skill, in any public street, place or thoroughfare situated within the limits aforesaid, or tc "any person found playing for money or other valuable thing, with cards, dice, counters or other instruments of gaming, used in playing any game not being a game of mere skill, in any public street, place or thoroughfare situated within the limits aforesaid, or" any person setting any birds or animals to fight in any public street, place or thoroughfare situated within the limits aforesaid, or tc "any person setting any birds or animals to fight in any public street, place or thoroughfare situated within the limits aforesaid, or" any person there present aiding and abetting such public fighting of birds and animals. tc "any person there present aiding and abetting such public fighting of birds and animals." Such person when apprehended shall be brought without delay before a Magistrate, and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding fifty rupees, or to imprisonment, either simple or rigorous, for any term not exceeding one calendar month; tc "Such person when apprehended shall be brought without delay before a Magistrate, and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding fifty rupees, or to imprisonment, either simple or rigorous, for any term not exceeding one calendar month;" Destruction of instruments of gaming found in public streets.—Any such police officer may seize all instruments of gaming found in such public place or on the person of those whom he shall so arrest, and the Magistrate may, on conviction of the offender, order such instruments to be forthwith destroyed. STATE AMENDMENTS
13. Penalty for gaming in public street, etc.—Whoever is found gaming in any public street, place or thoroughfare or setting any bird or any animal to fight in any such street, place or thoroghfare shall be punishable with fine not exeeding fifty rupees or with imprisonment of either description for a term not exceeding one month.
14. Offences by whom triable.—Offences punishable under this Act shall be triable by any Magistrate having jurisdiction in the place where the offence is committed. tc "14. Offences by whom triable.—Offences punishable under this Act shall be triable by any Magistrate having jurisdiction in the place where the offence is committed." But such Magistrate shall be restrained within the limits of his jurisdiction under the Code of Criminal Procedure as to the amount of fine or imprisonment he may inflict. tc "But such Magistrate shall be restrained within the limits of his jurisdiction under the Code of Criminal Procedure as to the amount of fine or imprisonment he may inflict." STATE AMENDMENTS Uttar Pradesh.—In section 14, insert the following new paragraph between paras 1 and 2:— “Offences under section 3 of this Act shall be non-bailable, anything contained to the contrary in any other law notwithstanding.”— U.P. Act 21 of 1961, sec. 10 (7-9- 1961). After section 14, insert the following section, namely:—
15. Penalty for subsequent offence.—Whoever, having been convicted of an offence punishable under section 3 or section 4 of this Act shall again be guilty of any offence punishable under either of such sections, shall be subject for every such subsequent offence to double the amount of punishment to which he would have been liable for the first commission of an offence of the same description: tc "15. Penalty for subsequent offence.—Whoever, having been convicted of an offence punishable under section 3 or section 4 of this Act shall again be guilty of any offence punishable under either of such sections, shall be subject for every such subsequent offence to double the amount of punishment to which he would have been liable for the first commission of an offence of the same description\:" Provided that he shall not be liable in any case to a fine exceeding six hundred rupees, or to imprisonment for a term exceeding one year. tc "Provided that he shall not be liable in any case to a fine exceeding six hundred rupees, or to imprisonment for a term exceeding one year."
16. Portion of fine may be paid to informer.—The Magistrate trying the case may direct any portion of any fine which shall be levied under sections 3 and 4 of this Act, or any part of the moneys or proceeds of articles seized and ordered to be forfeited under this Act, to be paid to an informer. tc "16. Portion of fine may be paid to informer.—The Magistrate trying the case may direct any portion of any fine which shall be levied under sections 3 and 4 of this Act, or any part of the moneys or proceeds of articles seized and ordered to be forfeited under this Act, to be paid to an informer."
17. Recovery and application of fines.—All fines imposed under this Act may be recovered in the manner prescribed by section 61 of the 10 Code of Criminal Procedure. 11 [***]. tc "17. Recovery and application of fines.—All fines imposed under this Act may be recovered in the manner prescribed by section 61 of the 1Code of Criminal Procedure. 2[***]." STATE AMENDMENTS
18. Offences under this Act to be "offences" within the meaning of Penal Code.—[Repealed by the Repealing Act, 1874 (16 of 1874), sec. 1 and Sch., Part I]. STATE AMENDMENTS Himachal Pradesh.—After section 17, the following new section shall be deemed to be inserted, namely:— “18. Exemption of games of mere skill.—Nothing in this Act shall apply to any game of mere skill wherever played.” [Himachal Pradesh Act 30 of 1976, sec. 9].
1. Definitions of “Lieutenant-Governor” and “Chief Commissioner” rep. by the A.O. 1937.
2. The clauses relating to “Number” and “Gender” rep. by Act 17 of 1914, sec. 3 and Sch. II.
3. Subs. by Act 12 of 1891, for “sections 13, 17 and 18”.
4. Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950, for “said Provinces”.
5. Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950, for "Provincial Government".
6. Subs. by Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950, for “Provinces” which had been subs. by the Indian Independence (Adaptation of Central Acts and Ordinances) Order, 1948, for “territories subject to its government or administration”.
7. See section 53 of the Code.
8. As to the enhanced punishment for a second conviction of an offence under section 3 or section 4, see section 15 of this Act.
9. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for “Provincial Government”.
10. See now the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974). tc" 1. See now the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974)."
11. The words “and such fines shall (subject to the provisions contained in the last preceding section) be applied as the Lieutenant-Governor or Chief Commissioner, as the case may be, shall from time to time direct” were repealed by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937. tc" 2. The words “and such fines shall (subject to the provisions contained in the last preceding section) be applied as the Lieutenant-Governor or Chief Commissioner, as the case may be, shall from time to time direct” were repealed by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937."